Most scientists are truth junkies. Imagine our despair at climate skepticism or at the replacement of renowned physicists as US Secretaries of Energy by someone who has called for elimination of that agency. Consider our despondency at learning that the Oxford Dictionary’s 2016 word of the year is “post-truth”, which implies that objective facts are less important than personal belief or political agenda. The Brexit referendum and US presidential election popularized the word post-truth. These electoral events have left scientists demoralized because their currency – the truth – is being devalued. But it is the very facts that scientists continue to discover that will come to the rescue, because whereas “alternative truths” drift and change, real truths are fixed and unassailable. They’re the foundation for our future.
Whereas “alternative truths” drift and change, real truths are fixed and unassailable.
As a scientist, a microbial geneticist and biochemist, I have felt at times demoralized and undermined by work-related setbacks, as I feel now in the post-truth era. But somehow my science has always managed to triumph in the long run. While those rejected papers, unfunded grant applications, and unsympathetic science administrators took their emotional toll on me, the sense of loss, sadness and frustration was temporary. I took refuge in research. That exercise was not only engrossing and calming, but also left me empowered by our discoveries, and the new truths that emerged from them.
As a scientific community, we need to similarly lean in to research. We need to be the scientific resistance, the force that drills for facts, individually and globally, adding to the knowledge that will carry us forward as we awake from the post-truth nightmare. The result will again be a calmer view, a deeper reality, a firmer foundation of facts with which to blaze the trail to the future. Despite an extremely tight funding climate there is a silver lining of resources that will become available to support research. Fortunately, the US Congress passed and the former President signed the 21st Century Cures Act in December 2016 with $4.8 billion awarded to the NIH for Cancer, Precision Medicine and Brain initiatives. Congress will need to approve funding each year and we can only hope that this will facilitate research. Another positive piece of news was the award of £2 billion (US$2.5 billion) per year for research and development by 2020 in the UK. We must press on and transform our despair into action.
Congress will need to approve funding each year and we can only hope that this will facilitate research.
But we must be mindful of serious roadblocks. The perceived value of our trade to the new administration is low to non-existent. For example, at a time when major cabinet posts have been filled, there is not yet a presidential science advisor to head the White House Office of Science and Technology. We might have expected this, given the general atmosphere of science denial, particularly with respect to climate change. The new head of the EPA is a science skeptic who has sued the agency in the past to block regulations that reduce greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming. The bereft scientists and lovers of our planet must mobilize against this new reality.
It gets worse, for there are disquieting international ramifications to all of this. There have been threats to withdraw from the 2016 Paris Climate Accords, where representatives of 195 nations reached agreement on lowering greenhouse gas emissions. How will the most powerful country on earth and one of the greatest contributors to climate change be viewed by those other 194 nations? To add fuel to the fire, scientific consensus on global warming was described as a Chinese hoax that was invented to harm US economic competitiveness. Of course, China has refuted these ridiculous allegations. On the positive side, strengthening our international scientific collaborations, whereby we can work together to deliver joint scientific discoveries and make the world a better place needs to be high on the scientific agenda.
Perhaps most importantly, besides hunkering down to do our own work, we need to spread the scientific message in digestible form to society in general and to our children in particular. We need to make them understand the value of science, which provides the basis to prevent and cure disease, to purify water and grow food, to invent for a bright economic future, and to help save the planet from lies.
They say actions speak louder than words. I say results speak louder than actions. Under Rick Perry, Texas became the leader in renewable wind and solar. Under Moniz the USDOE in 2016 managed to produce 3.8 million gallons of cellulosic ethanol versus the 4.25 billion gallons mandated for the year. Moniz score 0.0895% in his green energy test. Perry scored an A plus. Science was warped in DC at least 16 years ago. Two gangrene VCs (Doerr and Khosla) will help build the billion dollar Obama Presidential Library as a reward for them giving campaigns millions. These two BILLIONAIRES gave us Cello, Range, KIOR, Fisker, Bloom, Gevo, Kior, LS9, and myriad other thermodynamic flops. The US DOE can only improve after 16 years of poor leadership.
Thank you Marlene for this excellent description of the challenges we face with the current disregard for science facts. Our discipline is built on a firm foundation of seeking truth based on experiments. We must learn to communicate this to the public and to elected officials so that science as a process can regain their trust.
Science is not about truth, it is a about hypotheses and testing them. And, a hypothesis is “true” as long as it stands up to the observations and experimental evidence.
Regarding climate skepticism…the models were wrong: