Guest blog post by Dr Carlo Galli, author of a timely Commentary published in Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine, which discusses the debate surrounding seratonin in the treatment of bone loss in periodontitis. He argues that although contradictory, recent findings may lead the way to novel treatment opportunities for periodontitis and similar bone loss.
One of the crucial aspects of approaching a disease is understanding what is causing it, and this is often overlooked with periodontitis. Periodontal therapy still mostly relies on mechanical removal of plaque and calculus, based on the assumption that they are the main factors responsible for the progress of this disease. Why periodontitis arises in certain patients but does not in others however is mostly unknown – and …
In 2012 BioMed Central launched its public consultation on Open Data. Running from September to November, the consultation sought to gather consensus and support from the scientific community for BioMed’s initiatives to reform the copyright and licensing agreements of its open access journals.
Access to scientific data is often hampered by legal uncertainties surrounding its use. Copyright law in particular can impede access to data as it is often unclear whether data is protected, with laws differing greatly internationally. In order to clarify the legal status of data published in its open access journals BioMed will transition to public domain dedication of data under the Creative Commons CC0 waiver.
The results of the consultation have now …
On May 20, 1747, James Lind pioneered a scurvy trial on board the HMS Salisbury. Providing some crew members with two oranges and one lemon per day, while others were given cider, vinegar, sulphuric acid or seawater, along with their normal rations, Lind’s experiment is ranked as one of the first clinical trials in the history of medicine. More than 250 years later, the anniversary of his groundbreaking work is celebrated as International Clinical Trials Day. Held annually by the National Institute of Health Research, the principles of Lind’s work still form the basis of modern clinical trials.
In a commentary for Trials, Dr David Sackett offers his perspective on more recent developments in clinical …
Science works best when it’s open and transparent. Researchers and journal publishers are increasingly encouraged to drive forward initiatives to improve the transparency and reproducibility of scientific results. This is particularly true in the case of how best to report the findings of clinical trials. These large studies often have direct public health implications. However the size and complexity of many clinical trials can leave room for controversies about the best way to report their results.
One on-going debate is whether to report the results of clinical trial pilot studies. Pilot studies, sometimes called vanguard or feasibility studies, are early phase studies designed to evaluate the design and conduct of a projected full scale clinical trial. Typically conducted separately from …
Since their discovery in the early nineties, microRNAs (or miRNAs) have been found in all complex organisms including mammals, plants and fungi. More than 700 miRNAs have been discovered in humans and more than 800 are predicted to exist. The functions of miRNA seem to lie in gene regulation and they have various roles in physiology cell differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis to the endocrine system, haematopoiesis, fat metabolism, and limb morphogenesis.
As miRNA is involved in normal cellular functions, malfunctioning miRNAs have long been thought to play a role in the pathological events underlying cancers and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease. In a Review by Prof. Jun-ichi Satoh published in BioData Mining, Prof. Satoh examines the …
The therapeutic use of leeches can be traced as far back as 2,500 years when they were used for bloodletting in ancient India. The modern use of leeches in medicine, or Hirudotherapy, made its comeback in the 1980′s with the advent of microsurgeries, such as plastic and reconstructive surgery.
A common complication of these kinds of surgeries is congestion caused by coagulated blood. If this congestion is not cleared up quickly, arteries that bring the tissues necessary nourishment will become plugged, and the tissues will die. To combat this, leeches are applied to the congested area and begin to consume excess blood, this process along with a natural anticoagulant found in the leeches’ saliva, combine to allow fresh oxygenated blood …
“Findings published in the peer reviewed journal BioData Mining…” A sentence like this instantly adds credibility to a scientific article. But it isn’t simply the name of a prestigious journal that assures readers of an article’s validity; it’s the knowledge that the research has been peer reviewed.
Peer review, the process by which scientists critically evaluate their colleagues’ methods and findings, has been essential to scientific discourse for centuries. In those early days of scientific research, with fewer journals and lower levels of specialization, scientists found it relatively easy to devote their time to assessing new findings. However as the pace of research has expanded, so too has the number of articles and the number of journals set up to publish …
Guest Blog by Dr Iveta Simera Head of Programme Development at EQUATOR Network
We would like to invite you to the scientific symposium and 4th EQUATOR Annual Lecture organised by the EQUATOR Network and the German Cochrane Centre. The theme for the symposium is “ACT now: Accuracy, Completeness, and Transparency in health research reporting” and it will be held in Freiburg, Germany from 11-12 October 2012.
The symposium will be of great interest to health research scientists and clinicians, journal editors and peer reviewers, reporting guideline developers, publishers, research funders and other professionals involved in research education, research governance and the publication of medical research.
The focus of the meeting is to:
Highlight critical issues in health research reporting …
In December last year Journal of Medical Case Reports launched its research article type. Introduced as part of the journal’s ambition to support innovation in case reporting, research articles allow Journal of Medical Case Reports to act as a platform to analyse the impact, and improve the reporting of, case reports and associated information.
In the first of the research papers published by Journal of Medical Case Reports this month Nancy N Byl looks at using wearable robotic leg orthoses to enhance the effectiveness of lower extremity physical therapy in chronic stroke victims. Our second research paper by Ritwik et al examines the prevalence and characteristics of salivary gland tumours in children and adolescents, collecting valuable …
BMC Research Notes is now accepting submissions of case reports. Alongside Journal of Medical Case Reports, and Cases Database, which launches later this year, BioMed Central offers medical professionals a comprehensive forum in which to publish and access clinical cases reports.
To mark the publication of its first case reports, by Paul S Issak and Yong-Xin Sun et al, BMC Research Notes Associate Editor Dr. Alberto Cabán-Martinez and his colleague Dr.Wilfredo García Beltrán have written a commentary discussing the educational value of publishing case reports and their importance to the development of evidence-based medical practice.
Documenting a patient’s case history to inform physicians how they have been evaluated and the subsequent …