The pleiotropic function of TEP1 genes in mosquito immunity and reproduction suggests that there is a significant cost to male reproductive success associated with enhanced female parasite resistance.
Social media can be used to reduce malaria prevalence and mortality. It also facilitates new malaria innovations. On 16 November, six malaria activists won the Social Media Awards.
The recognition that a previously known anti-malarial, the antibiotic azithromycin, has an additional novel mode of action, that of inhibiting invasion of red blood cells, should spur on the development of azithromycin derivatives with improved properties.
A new species of Leishmania, within the L. enrietti complex has been identified in Ghana.