November 2015: Highlights of the BMC series

Discriminating between common viral and bacterial infections • Climate change and penguin populations • Insights into iliotibial band syndrome in runners • Exclusive breastfeeding reduces illness risk • Living with complexity of multimorbidity

Infectious Diseases: Discriminating between common viral and bacterial infections

Fevers in malaria endemic areas can be rapidly tested for malaria, but bacterial and viral infections are not usually distinguished. In a new study in BMC Infectious Diseases, a test for C-reactive protein has been reported that may prevent common treatable infections going undiagnosed and reduce overconsumption of antibiotics.

 

Evolutionary Biology: Climate change and penguin populations

This month, research published in BMC Evolutionary Biology investigates the long-term effects of climate change on Adélie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) populations in East Antarctica. Using mitochondrial DNA from extant colonies to produce a population trend over the past 20,000 years, deglaciation appears to be the main driver of population change over millennia. Also, read the author’s blog on their paper.

 

Musculoskeletal Disorders: Insights into iliotibial band syndrome in runners

Iliotibial band syndrome is the second most common running injury, but the underlying pathology is poorly understood. In this systematic review published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, the authors have assessed the latest studies in iliotibial band syndrome research and new quantitative evidence about the biomechanical risk factors associated with the syndrome in runners has been uncovered. An algorithm for future research and clinical guidance has also been suggested.

 

Image of the month

fireworm myoanatomical features

This Figure from Parry et al. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2015, 15:256 shows the myoanatomical features of a new fireworm (Rollinschaeta myoplena) – named, oddly enough, after punk rocker Henry Rollins.

 

Public health: Exclusive breastfeeding reduces illness risk

Research published in BMC Public Health shows that exclusive breast feeding in early infancy reduces the risk of illness from diarrhea and suspected pneumonia, suggesting programs reducing the burden of inpatient admission from these illnesses in Vietnam should address barriers to exclusive breast feeding.

 

Family practice: Living with complexity of multimorbidity

Comorbidity and multimorbidity are often defined as the co-existence of two or more long-term medical conditions. A recent paper on living with the complexity of mental and physical multimorbidity has been published in BMC Family Practice and forms part of the ongoing thematic series examining the breadth of comorbidity and multimorbidity research and their impact on clinical practice. The thematic series is accompanied by a Call for Papers, in which the Journal invites contributions reporting different research methods to add to the literature, including clinical trials, epidemiological and qualitative studies.

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