Posts tagged: agriculture

Climate-smart agriculture: scientists show agricultural progress in responding to climate change

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Diversified landscapes offer benefits to farmers by providing many cropping options for climate change. And agroforestry and reduced deforestation increase carbon storage and reduce greenhouse emissions. Research helps determine ways to build resilience in different agricultural contexts. Image courtesy of Louise E Jackson

There are over seven billion people living on our planet and this vast population creates an equally vast demand for food and fuel. In this guest post, the authors of an article published today in Agriculture and Food Security tell us how climate-smart agriculture could help us to combat the threat of climate change to these in-demand resources.

Climate change is already putting food security at risk. Rising temperatures and extreme events, such as sudden droughts and floods, mean that it will be even harder to meet the growing demand for food, fiber and fuel, especially for poor countries with high population growth.

Unless immediate action is taken by policy-makers, the impacts on livelihoods will increase over the long-run, especially if agriculture …

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Social security matters to farmers

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Chinese landless farmer

Rapid urbanization causes farmers to sell their land to reduce the cost of moving into a city. These ‘landless farmers’ are in need of social security, a program that uses public funds to provide economic support to its citizens, as they have lost their primary source of income. This is an important social issue and has attracted considerable attention in the research world, but there have been very few studies measuring the impact of social security on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of these farmers.

A recent study published in International Journal for Equity in Health indicates that satisfaction with social security policies affects the health-related quality of life of landless farmers by using the five-dimensional …

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Intecol 2013 – Into the next 100 years

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Intecol

 It is exactly one week since the closing ceremony for the British Ecological Society centenary celebrations and Intecol 2013. The metaphorical confetti has been cleared, and the less metaphorical hangovers have finally subsided, giving an opportunity to reflect on what was an outstanding week of workshops, poster presentations, talks and general ecology based fun.  Highlights from individual days can be found in our BMC Series blog: Day 1, Day 2 and Day 3, and here an overview of the conference is presented, discussing the main themes and the on-going challenges faced by the ecology community.   

There was a mind boggling array of parallel symposia and oral sessions – making decisions …

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Home gardens for food security

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Home garden

 Home gardens can be used to alleviate hunger, malnutrition, economic hardship and disease. These are the findings of a comprehensive literature review by Galhena et al., published today in Agriculture & Food Security, which investigates the uses of home gardens in the context of food security, and specifically in post-conflict situations.

The use of home gardens is a longstanding and effective strategy for coping with the daily threat of food and nutritional insecurity in many developing countries. Home gardens comprise of small areas of land close to the homestead, where a family can grow subsistence produce in order to supplement their diet, as well as to buffer socio-economic hardships. These gardens can incorporate …

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Celebrating Agriculture & Food Security’s first birthday

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Agriculture & Food Security

 

Last Friday marked the first anniversary of the launch of Agriculture & Food Security. To celebrate this important milestone in the journal’s history, an anniversary editorial has been published, describing the achievements of the last year, and reiterating the importance of research on this significant global issue.  

Following a highly successful launch event at BioVision Alexandria – of which a highlights video is now available online – Agriculture & Food Security has had a rewarding first year of publishing. Over the last year, a number of highly accessed articles by eminent scientists in the field have been published. Topping this list is Albert Sasson’s review on tackling the food insecurity crisis …

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Highlighting need for climate smart agricultural policies

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Agri_2

Agriculture & Food Security publishes a new thematic series on ‘Climate Smart Agriculture’.

Global warming represents one of the greatest threats to society worldwide. The dual burden of climate change coupled with exponentially increasing populations means that our agricultural systems are under increasing pressure to produce food in unstable environmental conditions. The struggle to reach required productivity means that food security is fast becoming a significant threat to lives worldwide. Furthermore, in recent years it has become clear that not only is agricultural productivity threatened by climate change, current agricultural practices may in fact be accelerating atmospheric changes; agriculture is the leading cause of methane and nitrous oxide emissions, as well as a significant cause of deforestation and …

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Building trust in agrobiotechnology public-private partnerships

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The role of agricultural biotechnology may be key to enabling food security in Sub-Saharan Africa. Following a number of food shortages and volatility in food pricing, ensuring agricultural supply meets demand is of crucial importance. Public-private partnerships (PPPs) may provide a useful way to inject investment from private funders into public sector initiatives for the good of local people and society.

However, there has been much resistance to adoption of these schemes in many regions of Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in relation to GM crops. The McGloughlin-Rotman Centre for Global Health has spent five years undertaking research into the causes of public participation failure in these PPPs. They found that a lack of trust underlies one of the most critical …

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The Global Hunger Event, the Olympics and two recent additions to the BioMed Central journal portfolio

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Over the last few weeks the world’s eyes have been on London. Athletes from around the globe have been striving to achieve their ultimate potential in the sporting events they’ve trained to their limits for.

Among the research published in Extreme Physiology & Medicine, a new open access journal launching in September, will be articles that address the physiological and medical implications of exposure to intense or endurance exercise. This research has the potential to maximise the chances of future Olympic athletes to ‘Go for Gold’.

For some children, this chance is denied them before they even reach the age of two. Nutritional insecurity leads to stunted growth and affects physical ability. The Global Hunger Event, to be held on …

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Celebrating the launch of Agriculture & Food Security

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The Bibliotheca Alexandrina emulates the Ancient Library of Alexandria as a major centre for scholarship and dissemination of knowledge.  It is in this spirit that the Library organises the biennial BioVisionAlexandria meeting, bringing together distinguished speakers, including Nobel Laureates, from around the globe.

The ideology of BioVisionAlexandria 2012 is reflected in our vision for Agriculture & Food Security.  Thus, the meeting seemed the perfect setting to celebrate the journal’s recent launch, which was marked by a session at the meeting chaired by one of the Editors-in-Chief, Malcolm Elliott, on ‘Towards Global Food Security: The 21st Century Challenge’.

Editorial board member Nina Fedoroff – current President of the American Association for the Advancement of …

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Agriculture & Food Security – a new journal launched today!

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According to the United Nations’ Demographers, the global population exceeded seven billion at the end of October 2011.  Ensuring sustainable food production to provide adequate sustenance and nutrition for everyone therefore continues to be a matter of significant and urgent import.

In March, the Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change published their report on ‘Achieving Food Security in the Face of Climate Change’.  The international Commission of experts, chaired by Sir John Beddington FRS, recommended seven key policy changes and actions that are needed in order to achieve food security in the face of climate change.

One of the Commissioners, Molly Jahn, joins with Malcolm Elliott and Magdy Madkour as a joint Editor-in-Chief of …

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