A diverse range of so-called "friendly" bacteria live within each human body and can be considered an ecosystem in their own right. A new article published in Genome Biology shows that the make-up of this bacterial ecosystem is unique to each individual and that living with someone does not cause your sets of bacteria to become alike.
The study, which was performed by Rob Knight's group at the University of Colorado, also demonstrates that different parts of the body – even your right and left palms – are home to different sets of bacteria and that the bacterial species in your body change on a day-to-day basis. In fact, much as you might expect in an ecosystem, some …
New research by Rolf I. Skotheim and colleagues, recently
published in Genome Medicine, provides evidence for the occurrence of aberrant
splicing events in colorectal cancer. Skotheim and colleagues, from Oslo
University Hospital, describe transcriptome instability as a characteristic of
colorectal tumors that is associated with splicing factor expression and,
interestingly, poor patient survival.
Colorectal cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed
cancers and affects both men and women. On the molecular level, the disease
results from the accumulation of genetic alterations that are frequently
brought about by inherent genomic instabilities, such as chromosomal instability
and microsatellite instability. In their study, Skotheim and colleagues sought to determine
whether instability at the mRNA level is also a …
Menthol is an organic compound which is now widely
used in a variety of products due to its anesthetic and counterirritant
qualities. Since the 1920s, menthol has been added to cigarettes and it is
estimated that, approximately one quarter of all cigarettes sold in the United
States today have the descriptor “menthol” on the cigarette pack. Whilst the
health effects of tobacco use and cigarette smoking are well documented, the
health effects of mentholated cigarettes as compared to non-menthol cigarettes
is less well studied.
22 June 2009, President Barack Obama signed into law the Family
Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act, H.R. 1256, a new US federal law giving the Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) the …
Up until now BMC Research Notes has accepted, as direct submissions, short reports, technical notes, data notes, project notes, hypotheses and correspondence articles. Research articles, with their widely-accepted I(B)MRaD (Introduction (Background), Methods, Results and Discussion) format, were not considered unless they were received as a post-peer-review transfer from another journal. The objective of this policy was to avoid restricting authors who felt their article could not fit easily within the I(B)MRaD template. However, in response to feedback from authors and editors and the continued growth of the journal, BMC Research Notes has now …
blog by Tommi Nyman (Department
of Biology, University of Eastern Finland), Winner of the Open Data Award
at the BioMed Central 5th
Annual Research Awards
One of the
most pleasant surprises of this spring was that yours truly with coauthors Veli
Vikberg, David R. Smith, and Jean-Luc Boevé received BioMed
Central’s Open Data Award for our article ‘How common is ecological speciation in plant-feeding
insects? A ‘Higher’ Nematinae perspective’. (The other highlight was
naturally Finland’s phenomenal victory in the Ice Hockey World Championship Final
We were very happy to receive the prize, as we don’t
get awards as frequently as we’d like to! At the …
Just imagine how you’d feel if your private – and sometimes very intimate – details of your health were accidentally released on the Internet and your employer, insurer, neighbor and former partners were able to see the medication you’ve taken for mental health reasons or for sexually transmitted diseases.
One way to reduce this risk is to anonymize electronic health record data. A free review in Genome Medicine by Khaled El Emam from the University of Ottawa, Ontario looks at current de-identification methods and suggests best practices.
This is a timely issue because electronic health records are being used more and more in clinically important research and they are likely to be key for some major breakthroughs in the diagnosis …
use is an epidemic of global proportions and one of the biggest public health
threats of the 21st Century. According to data from the World
Health Organization (WHO), tobacco use kills more than 5 million people each
year and is responsible for 1 in 10 adult deaths worldwide. Over the course of the
20th century, tobacco killed over 100 million people and it is
estimated that it could claim the lives of up to 1 billion
people in the 21st century if the present
consumption patterns continue.
such, the focus of this year’s World No
Tobacco Day is on The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco
Control (WHO FCTC), the
first international public health treaty with …
May 2011 is National Vaccination Month and to further establish BioMed Central as a leading veterinary science publisher, several journals in our portfolio of veterinary journals have recently published important research on vaccination.
BioMed Central’s number of veterinary journals has been rapidly growing, with the existing BMC Veterinary Research and Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica joined by well established and respected journals Veterinary Research and Irish Veterinary Journal earlier this year.
Acquired in January, Veterinary Research, published by INRA and with an Impact Factor of 3.58, has been an exciting addition to the portfolio and this month highlights new research from Dr Courcoul et al. on vaccination effectiveness on Q fever in dairy cattle. Their findings show that …
Case reports can provide detailed information about a medical condition and can act as the first line of evidence for an adverse effect to medicine or a new emerging disease; however, they are often disregarded in the medical literature. To address this issue, Journal of Medical Case Reports has sought to provide a dedicated home to high quality case reports that expand medical knowledge. This week the journal launches its first thematic series on the importance of case reporting across all fields of medicine, edited by Editor-in-Chief Professor Michael Kidd.
This collection features articles highlighting the benefits of case reporting in neurology, skull base surgery, oncology, oral medicine and infectious disease. In …
In the latest round of evaluation a further five BioMed Central journals have been accepted for Impact Factor tracking by Thomson Reuters (ISI).
BMC International Health and Human Rights, Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome, Italian Journal of Pediatrics, Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine and Journal of Ovarian Research are all due to receive their first Impact Factors in 2012.
Full details on indexing of all BioMed Central journals is available on our website.